Doctrine

i. INSPIRATION OF SCRIPTURE

We believe the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments as verbally inspired of God and inerrant in the original writings, and that they are of supreme and final authority.

Terms Explained:

  1. Verbally: This refers to the fact that the Bible, even its very words, is true and without error in the original writings. Therefore, more than just the thought or concept is inspired, but also every word is inspired. (Matthew 5:17-18; Proverbs 30:5-6) The word “plenary” is often used with “verbal” to give the view that all Scripture is fully and equally inspired. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  2. Inspired (Inspiration): Inspiration is that particular work of God by which the Holy Spirit, becoming the coauthor of Scripture, supernaturally directed the writers of Scripture. Without excluding their human intelligence, individuality, literary style, personal feelings, or any other human factor, God’s own complete and coherent message to men was recorded in perfect accuracy. The very words of the Bible bear the authority of this divine authorship. Inspiration is not equivalent to dictation except in certain instances, as God uses the experience, feelings, and thinking of the human author. The end result, however, is just as accurate as if God, Himself, had taken the pen. Hence, the Scriptures were inspired or breathed out by God and, though the authors were fallible men, what they wrote was without error. (2 Peter 1:20-21) Inspiration does not suppress intellectual ability and talents, but rather uses that intellectual ability and talents. (Luke 1:1-3; 2 Samuel 23:2)
  3. Inerrant: Inerrant means that the Scriptures in their original writings were without error. (John 10:35; Luke 16:17)
  4. Final Authority: The Scriptures are God’s special revelation (communication of truth) to man and because they are inspired and inerrant they become our final authority. However, be careful to note what the Bible indicates as not being authoritative, such as Satan’s statement to Eve in the Garden of Eden, “Ye shall not surely die.” (Genesis 3:4-5; 2 Timothy 3:16-17)
ii.  TRINITY

We believe in one God, eternally existing in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit: three in one, co-equal, which is the Trinity.

Terms Explained:

  1. Eternally Existing: There is but one God (Isaiah 45:5; Mark 12:29-32) who has no beginning and no ending. (Psalm 90:2; Genesis 1:1)
  2. Three in One: The words or thoughts of man can never fully define the doctrine of the Trinity. However, the Bible clearly describes the Trinity as being three persons, coequal, eternally existing - yet one. (2 Corinthians 13:4; Matthew 28:19)
  3. Co-Equal: a) The Bible tells us that the Father is God. (John 6:27; Romans 1:7) b) The Son is recognized as God. (John 1:1, 20:28; Hebrews 1:8; 1 John 5:20) c) The Holy Spirit is also identified as God. (Acts 5:3, 4; Ezekiel 36:26, 27 with Acts 1:4, 2:38)
III. INCARNATION

We believe that Jesus Christ was begotten of God, conceived of the Holy Spirit, and born of the Virgin Mary.

Terms Explained:

  1. Jesus Christ: He was a God-man; the indissoluble union of perfect humanity with undiminished deity in one person. The relationship is such that there is no dividing of person and no confounding of two natures. (John 1:1, 4)
  2. Conceived of the Holy Spirit: This was a divine act of God. (Matthew 1:18; Luke 1:26-38)
  3. Born of the Virgin Mary: The Son of God was born of a woman, who was a virgin. (Matthew 1:18-25; Isaiah 7:14)
IV.  HOLY SPIRIT

We believe in the Holy Spirit, third Person of the Trinity, Who convicts the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. He is the life of every believer, and He empowers the preaching and teaching of the Gospel.

Terms Explained:

  1. Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity - equal with the Father and the Son. (John 14:16-17; Matthew 28:19)
  2. Convicts: This purpose of the Holy Spirit is seen in Christ’s words in John 16:7-11. He also restrains Satan until God’s purpose is fulfilled. (2 Thessalonians 2:7)
  3. Life: The Holy Spirit is the agent of the New Birth. (John 3:5-7) At the moment of conversion a believer is regenerated, indwelt, sealed, and baptized into the Body of Believers. (1 Corinthians 12:13) After conversion the Holy Spirit is the strength and guide of the believer’s life. (Ephesians 1:13; John 16:13; Romans 8:26-27) The believer is commanded to continually be filled with the Holy Spirit. This yielding to the control of God in our lives is the fullness for power and guidance. (Ephesians 5:18)
  4. Empowers: He empowers the spreading of God’s Word in testimony, preaching and practical living. (John 15:26-27)
V.  MAN

We believe that man was created in the image of God, that he sinned, and thereby incurred not only physical death, but spiritual death, which is separation from God; and that all human beings are born with a sinful nature and those who reach moral responsibility become sinners in thought, word and deed.

This statement is self-defining. We will merely take the phrases and give Scriptural references.

  1.  Created in the Image of God: Genesis 1:27, 5:1; 1 Corinthians 11:7
  2. Separation from God: When man, of his own free choice, chose to disobey God, he sinned (the breaking of God’s law). Sin separates us from God. As a sinner, man incurs not only physical death, but also spiritual death. (Romans 6:23, 3:10-23; Galatians 3:22)
VI.  ATONEMENT

We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, as a representative and substitutionary sacrifice, and that all who believe in Him are justified on the ground of His shed blood.

Terms Explained:

  1. Representative: This means that Jesus Christ represented all the sins of the world. He who knew no sin was made sin for us. (2 Corinthians 5:14-21) Adam was the representative of man in the fall. Christ is the representative of a saving sacrifice. (1 Corinthians 15:22) Therefore, if Christ represented all, His sacrifice will cover all. (John 3:16)
  2. Substitutionary: This is called the “vicarious” suffering in that He died in our place. Christ did not die for His sin. (Hebrews 4:15-16; 1 John 3:5) but He died for the sins of others. (1 Corinthians 15:3; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 5:8)
  3. All: The gift of salvation provided by the death of the Lord Jesus Christ is for all men. “Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” (Romans 10:13; 1 John 2:2)
  4. Justified: Justification is the act of God whereby He declares the guilty and depraved sinner to be righteous because of the sinner’s belief in Jesus Christ. (Man receives a new standing.) (Romans 5:1)
VII. RESURRECTION, ASCENSION, EXALTATION

We believe in the resurrection of the crucified body of our Lord, His ascension into Heaven, and His present life there as High Priest and Advocate for all believers.

Terms Explained:

  1. Resurrection: We believe that after three days and three nights, Jesus Christ arose bodily from the grave. (Luke 24:23-40) This doctrine is essential to salvation. (Romans 10:9-10)
  2. Ascension: After His resurrection and forty day ministry, Jesus ascended up into Heaven. (Acts 1:1-11; 1 Peter 3:22)
  3. High Priest and Advocate: This means that whereas before we could not enter the presence of God, now through Jesus Christ, Who as our High Priest represents us before God, we are able to enter God’s presence. As an advocate, He sympathizes with our needs and gives us strength.
    (John 14:18; Hebrews 4:14, 5:1-10, 13:5, 7:25)
VIII.  ESCHATOLOGY (Last Days)

We believe in that blessed hope, the personal, pre-millennial, and imminent return of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Terms Explained:

  1. Blessed Hope: This means that Christ will return again as He promised. (John 14:1-6; Acts 1:11 and Titus 2:13)
  2. Personal: Jesus, Himself, will appear, not a spirit, not a gust of wind, but Jesus Christ Himself.
  3. Pre-Millennial: Means that Jesus Christ will come before the Millennium. The Millennium is a period of 1,000 years in which Christ will set up an earthly kingdom. (This point cannot be covered in a few verses, but Revelation 20:1-10 is a central passage).
  4. Imminent: There were many signs given to the nation, Israel, which would precede Christ’s coming to earth to set up His millennial Kingdom (The Revelation). However, there were no signs given to the Church. The Church was to live believing Christ could return immediately (at any moment) to take them into His presence. (John 14:2, 3; 1 Corinthians 15:51-52; 2 Peter 3:3-4) The believer is told to be watching for Christ, Himself, and not just for signs. The signs given for Israel are shadows that indicate the nearness of the Light, Christ, Himself, returning for us. (1 Thessalonians 5:6; Titus 2:13; Revelation 3:3)
IX.  SALVATION

We believe that all who receive by faith the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior are born-again of the Holy Spirit and, thereby, they become children of God and heirs of eternal life. This is a relationship in which they are eternally secure.

Terms Explained:

  1. Faith: to trust in; to rely on; specifically to entrust your eternal destination to. Paul, in his book to the Galatians, shows that faith is the only criterion of salvation. Works are ruled out.

Therefore, a man is saved by faith alone and is kept not by his works, but through faith in Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 2:5,8,9; Romans 4:5)

  1. Born-Again: The word means “regeneration.” It is essential to salvation. (John 3:7) It is a new birth born of the Word of God and Spirit of God. (John 3:5) One’s “old man” (spirit inherited from Adam, which is darkened toward God; Romans 6:6) is replaced with a new spiritual life, the resurrection life of Christ, by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. (Romans 8:10-11) One must be “born again” because first birth takes one only to physical death. Spiritual birth gives us eternal life, the life of God.
  2. Children: We become the children of God because of what Christ has done for us, and because we have received the Spirit of adoption. (1 John 3:1-2; Romans 8:15-16)
  3. Heirs of Eternal Life: We are saved for eternity. We cannot fall from grace because our salvation does not depend on works, but we are kept through the eternal grace of God. (Romans 8:14-17; 1 Peter 1:5)
X.  FUTURE STATE

We believe in the bodily resurrection of the just and unjust, the everlasting conscious punishment of the lost in hell, and the everlasting blessedness of the saved in heaven.

Terms Explained:

  1. Bodily Resurrection: Those saints who are “asleep in Jesus” will be raised at the same time the living saints are “raptured” and changed. (This is before the Tribulation.) (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1 Corinthians 15:51-58) After the Millennium and the final battle of Gog and Magog, all the unsaved will stand before the Great White Throne Judgment. Those not found written in the Book of Life are cast in to the Lake of Fire. (Revelation 20:11-15)
  2. Heaven: We believe heaven to be a literal place where Jesus Christ is preparing an eternal home for believers of all ages. (John 14:1-6; Hebrews 11:10-16; Hebrews 12:18-29)
  3. Hell: We believe hell is an actual place. Also called Hades (abode of spirits of deceased unbelievers), and is where unsaved humans go now, and after the final judgment they will be cast into the Lake of Fire. (Revelation 20:15; Matthew 13:36-43)
XI.  DEVIL

We believe in the existence of a personal devil, who is still working in the world to destroy the souls of men and that he and all his angels and all who receive not Christ as their Savior will eternally perish in the Lake of Fire.

Terms Explained:

  1. Devil: He was a created being. One of Heaven’s highest angels, he was cast out because of his pride. He wanted to be greater than God. (Isaiah 14:12-15)
  2. Eternally Perish: Revelation 20:10, 14:11, and 19:20 give us the final doom of the devil and his fellow fallen angels.
XII.  CHURCH

We believe in the Church, the Body of Christ, whose mission it is to preach the Gospel to all the world, all of its endeavors being supported by God’s financial plan of giving. (2 Corinthians 8:1-15, 9:1-15)

Terms Explained:

  1. Body of Christ: This term is applied to the Church universal and to single congregations. (Colossians 1:18; Hebrews 10:19-25; Matthew 18:20; Ephesians 1:15-23; Acts 2:42-47)
  2. Mission: The Body of Christ is enlarged by preaching the Gospel and discipling the believers. (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:47; John 20:21; Acts 1:8; Ephesians 4:11-12)
  3. Giving: Believers are commanded to give regularly, cheerfully (2 Corinthians 9:7), and proportionally to support the mission of the Church. (2 Corinthians 8:3; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Philippians 4:15-19)
XIII.  ORDINANCES

We believe that the ordinances of the Church, given by our Lord, are baptism (by immersion following conversion) and communion (the Lord’s Table).

Terms Explained:

  1. Baptism: an act of witness of our acceptance and identification with Jesus Christ as our personal Savior. To be baptized is to obey (observe) the words of Christ, who commanded the disciples to go into all the world and preach the Gospel, then to baptize all those who received Him as Savior. (Matthew 28:19-20; Mark 16:16) The Apostles and early disciples obeyed this command. (Acts 2:38, 41; 8:12-13, 36,38)

Note: Immersion was the only type of baptism known to the early Christians. It signifies the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ. (Romans 6:3-4 and Acts 18:8 give us the proper place of baptism. It follows one’s acceptance of Christ as Savior (Acts 8:36-38). It is not necessary for salvation, but is an act of further dedication and identification with the Lord Jesus. We emphasize that all believers should be baptized, but it is not necessary for entrance into heaven.)

  1. Communion: also called the Lord’s Supper; this ordinance was instituted by our Lord on the night in which He was betrayed. (Matthew 26:26-30) We find our information and direction of use given by Paul in 1 Corinthians 11:23-30. The bread and wine are symbols of the sacrifice of our Lord’s body and blood.

Revision 2/25/99